A case study of a patient who had surgery for a chondrosarcoma tumor in the shoulder, which resulted in a large loss of bone and soft tissue, is presented with an overview of the steps required to design and fabricate a large restorative body prosthesis for this type of patient. Additive manufacturing is a benefit to the design and manufacture of soft tissue prosthetics, the field known as anaplastology, however the implementation of additive manufacturing is often not as straightforward as it may seem. This presentation explores how additive manufacturing can facilitate the manufacture of large restorative body prostheses through the creation of the molds and how digital technologies can enable the design and delivery of custom made prosthetic devices for patient populations who are small in number but require a prosthetic restoration after cancer surgery. The presentation describes the importance of establishing good communication with the patient while designing in a digital format and discusses the challenges of creating a body prosthesis with a functional fit and as well as choosing the appropriate materials with which to fabricate the prosthesis.
- Understand the present standard of care in the field of clinical anaplastology (realistic facial and body prostheses), the complexity of patient needs, and the prosthesis design and manufacturing process.
- Define some of the criteria clinicians use to decide whether to start using new additive manufacturing technologies; turnaround time, ease of use, patient safety; compatibility with other materials etc.
- Understand which additive manufacturing technologies are most suitable to be used in the design and production of soft tissue prostheses and the opportunities new technologies offer to clinicians and patients.