Process & Material Development
In 1996, Carlos Carvalho left Portugal for Germany to study chemistry, graduating in photopolymerization, at the Philipps-Universität Marburg. After graduating in 2003, he went on to begin his Ph.D. program at the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, where a bioprinter was already under development. The main topic of his study there became developing medical applications for this newly developed bioprinter, which would eventually become known as the EnvisionTEC 3D-Bioplotter. During that time, Carlos worked on his Ph.D. thesis using the first, second and third generations of the 3D-Bioplotter, manufacturing implants in the young field of biofabrication with established biocompatible or biological materials. He also co-authored 11 technical papers with different cooperative research groups. Popularity of the 3D-Bioplotter soared among researchers worldwide as new materials, patterns and strategies for working on the printer were developed. Carlos joined EnvisionTEC in 2009, where he started development on the 4th generation 3D-Bioplotter, which was specially designed to meet specifications for use in a clean room and in clinical trials.